News in Medicine (articoli presenti: 945)

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16/11/2016 - ELASTOGRAPHY

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Elastography is a relatively new imaging modality that maps the elastic properties of soft tissue. This modality emerged in the last two decades. Elastography is useful in medical diagnoses, as elasticity can discern healthy from unhealthy ti... Vai all'articolo

16/11/2016 - ULTRASOUND

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Medical ultrasonography uses high frequency broadband sound waves in the megahertz range that are reflected by tissue to varying degrees to produce (up to 3D) images. This is commonly associated with imaging the fetus in pregnant women. Uses ... Vai all'articolo

16/11/2016 - NUCLEAR MEDICINE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Nuclear medicine encompasses both diagnostic imaging and treatment of disease, and may also be referred to as molecular medicine or molecular imaging & therapeutics.[9] Nuclear medicine uses certain properties of isotopes and the energeti... Vai all'articolo

16/11/2016 - MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A magnetic resonance imaging instrument (MRI scanner), or "nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging" scanner as it was originally known, uses powerful magnets to polarize and excite hydrogen nuclei (i.e., single protons) of water molecules in... Vai all'articolo

16/11/2016 - IMAGING MODALITIES

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In the clinical context, "invisible light" medical imaging is generally equated to radiology or "clinical imaging" and the medical practitioner responsible for interpreting (and sometimes acquiring) the images is a radiologist. "Visible li... Vai all'articolo

16/11/2016 - MEDICAL IMAGING

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).... Vai all'articolo

07/11/2016 - TWENTY CIGARETTES DAILY FOR 1 YEAR EQUALS 150 LUNG CELL MUTATIONS

Written by Tim Newman Published: Friday 4 November 2016 In-depth genetic research gives new insight into how smoking is capable of causing cancer in such a wide array of organs. The study provides a link between the number of cigarettes smoked and the number of mutations ... Vai all'articolo

07/11/2016 - DIABETES: POTENTIAL PROTEIN TARGET IDENTIFIED FOR REVERSING INSULIN RESISTANCE

Written by Catharine Paddock PhD Published: Friday 4 November 2016Insulin resistance - a condition where the body's cells fail to respond normally to the glucose control hormone insulin - increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and prediabetes. Now, a team shows ... Vai all'articolo

07/11/2016 - HOW DO ORGASMS AFFECT THE BRAIN? STUDY INVESTIGATES

Written by Honor Whiteman Published: Sunday 6 November 2016 When it comes to the human orgasm, research has primarily focused on how this intense feeling of sexual pleasure has evolved. In a new study, one researcher has delved into a relatively understudied area of ... Vai all'articolo

07/11/2016 - LOW OXYTOCIN MAY LEAD TO LOW EMPATHY, STUDY FIND

Written by Ana Sandoiu Oxytocin is a hormone produced in the hypothalamus, which is a very small part of the brain that controls many of our bodily functions, including our appetite, thirst, sleep, mood, and libido.  The hormone is secreted and stored by the pituitary gland,... Vai all'articolo

07/11/2016 - LOW VITAMIN B12 IN PREGNANCY MAY RAISE OFFSPRING'S DIABETES RISK

Children born to mothers who had vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy may be at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes and other metabolic disorders, a new study finds.Senior author Dr. Ponusammy Saravanan, of the University of Warwick Medical School in the United Kingdom,... Vai all'articolo

31/10/2016 - NEARSIGHTEDNESS PROGRESSION IN CHILDREN SLOWED DOWN BY MEDICATED EYE DROPS

Researchers present findings on five-year clinical trial of low-dose atropine for myopia at AAO 2015, the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s annual meeting LAS VEGAS – Nov. 16, 2015 – Researchers say medicated eye drops may be the key to fighting rapidly worsening eyesight in ch... Vai all'articolo

29/10/2016 - EXPERT OPINION ON ROTAVIRUS VACCINATION IN INFANCY: PUBLIC CONSULTATION OPENS

Each year, an estimated 75,000-150,000 children aged under five are hospitalised in the EU/EEA due to rotavirus disease, according to burden of disease studies conducted in eighteen EU/EEA Member States. Mortality rates are low due to easy access to adequate medical treatment. Ch... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - ARE MODERN HUMANS SIMPLY BAD AT SMOKING?

by Science News Scientist looked for the genetic footprint of fire use in our genes, but found that our prehistoric cousins -- the Neanderthals -- and even the great apes seem better at dealing with the toxins in smoke than modern humans. Mixed blessing The art of making ... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - THREE NOVEL INTRINSIC SUBTYPES OF PROSTATE CANCER IDENTIFIED

In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have identified and validated three distinct molecular subtypes of prostate cancer that correlate with distant metastasis-free survival and can assist in future research to determine how patients will respond to treatment, acc... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - STUDY SUPPORTS DO NOT SELL VOLUNTARY WAITING PERIOD FOR GUN SALES TO REDUCE SUICIDE

by Science News A new study suggests many patients at risk for suicide would voluntarily place their name on a Do Not Sell list, prohibiting gun shops from immediately selling them a firearm. The study, published in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, says nearly half of... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - IMMUNOTHERAPY SHOWS PROMISING RESULTS IN FIRST, SECOND LINE TREATMENT OF METASTATIC BLADDER CANCER

by Science News Immunotherapy has shown promising results in first and second line treatment of metastatic bladder cancer in two phase II trials presented at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen. Up to half of patients with metastatic bladder cancer are not eligible for survival... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - TARGETING ESTROGEN RECEPTOR IMPROVES PROGRESSION-FREE SURVIVAL IN ADVANCED BREAST CANCER

by  Science News Fulvestrant significantly increases progression-free survival in women with hormone-receptor-positive advanced breast cancer, particularly those with less aggressive lower-volume disease, researchers reported at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen. Fulvest... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA: THE MOLECULAR TOOLS OF A BACTERIAL SURVIVOR

by Science News The bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa can thrive in environments as different as the moist, warm tissue in our lungs, and the dry, nutrient-deprived surface of an office wall. Such adaptability makes it problematic in healthcare -- where it causes infections in... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - ALCOHOL-INVOLVED HOMICIDE VICTIMIZATION: COMMON, LINKED TO MALE GENDER, MINORITY STATUS, AND HISTORY OF DOMESTIC ABUSE

Science Newsfrom research organizationsWhile the association between alcohol and homicide may seem obvious, there has been no recent study of alcohol involvement in homicide victimization in U.S. states. This study drills down into the subject, looking at how often alcohol was in... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - AFRICAN-AMERICAN, HISPANIC MEN LESS LIKELY TO GET TREATMENT FOR PROSTATE CANCER, EVEN WITH HIGH-RISK DISEASE

Science Newsfrom research organizationsAfrican-American and Hispanic men in the United States are less likely to receive therapy for prostate cancer compared to Caucasian men -- even when they have more aggressive disease, according to new research from Roswell Park Cancer Instit... Vai all'articolo

10/10/2016 - MYSTERY OF BACTERIA'S ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE UNRAVELLED

Science Newsfrom research organizationsA popular antibiotic called rifampicin, used to treat tuberculosis, leprosy, and Legionnaire's disease, is becoming less effective as the bacteria that cause the diseases develop more resistance. One of the mechanisms leading to rifampici... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - BMI GENOTYPE AND BREAST CANCER RISK

Date:October 3, 2016Source:Vanderbilt University Medical Center Being overweight is associated with decreased risk of breast cancer before menopause and increased risk after menopause. In a study published recently in PLOS Medicine, Wei Zheng, Ph.D., M.D., and colleagues inves... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - RECEPTOR TO SLOW BREAST CANCER METASTASIS IDENTIFIED

Date:October 3, 2016Source:Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine In a research study published in the journal Oncogene, scientists from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicin... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - HEALTH DETERMINED BY SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS AT WO

Date:October 3, 2016Source:Society for Personality and Social Psychology Whether you're an engineer, a nurse, or a call center worker, you are likely to spend an average of one third of your day on the job. In a new meta-analysis covering 58 studies and more than 19,000 people ac... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - GENE FOUND THAT RAISES RISK OF CHILDHOOD EAR INFECTIONS

Date:October 3, 2016Source:Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Life has always played by its own set of molecular rules. From the biochemistry behind the first cells, evolution has constructed wonders like hard bone, rough bark and plant enzymes that harvest light to make food.Bu... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - NEW PROTEIN BRIDGES CHEMICAL DIVIDE FOR 'SEAMLESS' BIOELECTRONICS DEVICES

Date:October 3, 2016Source:University of Washington Life has always played by its own set of molecular rules. From the biochemistry behind the first cells, evolution has constructed wonders like hard bone, rough bark and plant enzymes that harvest light to make food. But our t... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - RESEARCHERS CLOSER THAN EVER TO A UNIVERSAL FLU VACCINE

Date:October 3, 2016Source:McMaster University Researchers at McMaster University and two American universities have taken another step closer to developing a much more effective, "one-punch" universal flu vaccine. Their latest findings, published online in the journal Proceedin... Vai all'articolo

04/10/2016 - COLOR-CHANGING SMART MATERIAL SENSOR TO ALERT USER TO GET OUT OF SUN

Date:October 3, 2016Source:University of Southern California According to the American Cancer Society approximately 5.4 million basal and squamous cell skin cancers are diagnosed each year. Yet, the sun does contribute to the production of Vitamin D, which is necessary for bone h... Vai all'articolo
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